Latest News in the World of Complementary Currencies
Shareable is thrilled and proud to partner with Greenpeace and Fashion Revolution for the inaugural MAKE SMTHNG Week, a worldwide event focused on the maker movement, which will take place Dec. 2-10, 2017. During the week, people are encouraged to forgo shopping for new things and instead create, upcycle, repair, and share.
Organizing and Governing the Commons: A Coop-Commons Multilevel Dialogue with Municipalities and Labour
Facilitating the convergence cooperatives, social and solidarity economy, commons (and open source and collaborative platforms), cities and trade unions.read more
Earlier this year, the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations, a research group based in Paris, France, published a brief report on how local cities were using crowdfunding to pay for development projects. Laura Brimont conducted the research.
An intriguing blueprint for a post-capitalist world is gradually being built in a converted spa in Barcelona, Spain.
When an idea grows far beyond its original conception, develops its own culture, factions & internal dynamics, and through implementation compromises with the real world, it can become the very enemy of what it first espoused. Just as Marx would have been horified at Stalinism, Adam Smith disgusted by today’s capitalism, so proponents of Bitcoin’s ideals should now be distancing themselves from what Bitcoin is becoming.
The economic arguments are pretty compelling. Bitcoin was hailed as a way to demoocratise finance, yet with transaction fees now touching $20 it is out of reach of the poor. Bitcoin was supposed to be decentralised, yet now 80% of mining power is under a single government which seems to disapprove of it. Bitcoin was hailed as the disintermediator of banks, yet banks are a vital to society as issuers of credit, which Bitcoin cannot do, being trustless. Other Bitcoin maximalist ideals about its augmenting the role of gold are, I suspect grounded in flawed economics, and do nothing to improve the condition of humanity.
But all of these arguments are soft compared to the problem of Bitcoin’s energy consumption. In 2009 proof-of-work was a technological breakthough and the energy cost seemed a reasonable price to pay for a distributed ledger technology. But in reccent months, as Bitcoin’s price escalates, and with it the mining competition, its power consumption is rampaging up the index of countries (at time of writing it is 65 – greater than ireland). And no upper limit on Bitcoin’s price means no upper limit on its power consumption either. While many such as Andreas Antonopolis predicted that the crypto-economy would be an ecosystem of many currencies, in the last six months we are seeing the opposite tendency as Bitcoin’s dominance (over other cryptocurrencies) is increasing.
That means Bitcoin should be regarded as an imminent environmental disaster, comparable perhaps to the Kuwaiti oil fires of 1991 in which Saddam Hussein punished USA by setting fire to over 600 oil wells which took months to extinguish.
There are more and more articles appearing to point this out, but not many are saying what can be done. Bitcoin would be harmless if all the mining was done with free Geothermal energy in Iceland. Who might invest in sufficient infrastructure to produce that quantity of geothermal energy?
I’m no expert, but Bitcoin could switch to a proof -of-stake consensus model, but this is likely to prove impractical because the vested interests and voters – the miners – would have to write-off all their hardware. Another hard fork is possible, but pointless if it fails to pull the capital out of the legacy blockchain. The more hedge-funds pile into bitcoin, the more credible and the more valuable it gets, the more risk-averse money will pile in too, surely without regard for any environmental, economic concerns – not to mention the human rights implications of those.
So unless Bitcoin is a bubble and one day it bursts like never before, capital gains from Bitcoin should be regarded as toxic, like shares in Raytheon or Texaco, or blood diamonds.
Its clear that, like Alan Greenspan’s finance sector, Bitcoin is not a self regulating entity, and, being inflexible by design, perhaps it can never be. Another approach then, could be the mass adoption of a more modern cryptocurrency with a better design. There are no shortage of superior candidates vying to take Bitcoin’s crown, my interest has been piqued by
- IOTA which is scalable and fast
- Faircoin with its participatory governance and proof-of-cooperation.
- Holochain (Pre-ICO) which isn’t a blockchain at all
- Chia (Pre-ICO) with its proof-of-time and proof-of-diskspace
If there was sufficient feeling in the cryptocommunity that Bitcoin was toxic, we might see captial starting to divest into other coins, and new fortunes made as the money gradually convened around one or more other coins.
On the other hand, if the this community does not conduct itself in a socially and environmentally responsible way, then are not governments justified in stepping in to regulate it? Is not excessive CO2 just as antisocial as polluting the environment?
What we can do about this depends on who we are. Investors might diversify their portfolios, weighting more heavily the coins they want to win. Exchanges might create markets between different altcoins rather than assuming all transactions are either to or from Bitcoin or ethereum. Fund managers could create ethical crypto-funds, meaning they avoid proof-of-work coins. Software developers could focus more on multi-currency support. Governments could distinguish between coins for tax purposes, perhaps continuing to clamp down on Bitcoin now and remaining undecided what to do with other coins. We have much to thank Bitcoin for. And if getting rich without working was all that mattered then we could go full steam ahead. But in a planetary emergency, we cannot afford to get stuck on unhelpful ideologies. Almost everything Bitcoin stands for can be better advanced by our swarming around newer technologies.read more
Community Currency is easing post election economic woes with a stable local markets.
Calling all HUMANs (current and potential – members, contributors, participants, pilot-ers, learners)
Hello! If you haven’t yet, please go ahead and join the HUMANs global cooperative network. Then get oriented at Friday’s office hours. This week (Nov. 10) we’ll host them from 12-2 CST, and then will look at ways to meet a variety of schedules. At our regular web meeting. The initial session will be open…read more
During the summer of 2017, the P2P Foundation’s Maïa Dereva travelled throughout France. Now she shares the stories of the commoners she met along the way.
The post Summer of Commoning: a Tour of French Communities and Projects appeared first on Commons Transition.read more